Caucasian Shepherd: Dog Breed, Characteristics & Care

Caucasian shepherds are a large working dog breed from Asia and Europe. They have a thick, medium-length, dense coat and strong bones.

This breed was created to protect livestock and property. It is loyal to its family. The breed can also be independent and strong-willed. It’s not the best choice for first-time owners or someone without enough space.

Overview of Breeds

GROUP: Working

HEIGHT 23 to 30-Inches

WEIGHT:99 – 170 Pounds

COATMedium-length double jacket

COAT COLORAgouti with white, black, gray, cream, fawn, red, and rust, sable or white with/without any white markings, piebald or brindle markings

LIFE SPAN 10-12 years

TEMPERAMENT Loyal, brave, protective


ORIGIN: Europe/Asia

Characteristics of the Caucasian Shepherd

Caucasian shepherds are known for their protective and watchful nature. They can be wary of strangers but are loyal to their families. Their guardian heritage mainly influences their temperament.

Affection LevelMedium
Exercise NeedsMedium
Energy LevelMedium
Tendency To BarkLow
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The Caucasian Shepherd’s History

For centuries, dogs resembling the Caucasian shepherd were common in Europe and Asia’s mountainous Caucasus. They were traditionally used to defend livestock and property from trespassers and predators like wolves and bears.

The appearance of these dogs was dependent on where they came from. There are two types of this breed: the Mountain type, which has a heavier body and a longer coat, and the Steppe type, with a lighter body and shorter hair.

Soviet breeders started selective breeding these dogs in the early 1900s. They wanted dogs with vital, confident eyesight and hearing and a weatherproof coat.

It is still relatively rare, particularly in North America. It is part of the American Kennel Club Foundation Stock Service, which preserves breeding records for purebred development.

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Caucasian Shepherd Care

Although Caucasian shepherds do not need a lot of exercises, they need to be socialized and trained early. Although their grooming is easy, it can take some time due to their large size.


Your pup should obtain at least one hour of exercise each day. This could be through walks, running around the yard, hiking, fetching, and other activities.

You can also use puzzle toys to help you burn mental energy. Although this breed isn’t very energetic, it can still be able to endure long walks and hikes.

Due to their protective nature and potential aggression towards other dogs and people, keep your Caucasian shepherd under control or in a secure area.


The length of the Caucasian shepherd’s coat can vary. A shorter coat means you will only need to brush it once or twice weekly.

You might need to touch it daily for longer hairs to maintain loose fur and prevent mats. Seasonal periods of high shedding are standard in spring and autumn. During these times, you will require to brush more frequently.

Depending on how dirty they get, you can plan on giving your dog a bath approximately once a month. Check your dog’s nails monthly to ensure they are in good shape.

It would help if you also inspected its ears weekly for any wax, debris, or other abnormalities. Brush your teeth daily.

This breed is known for its high level of drooling. You’ll need a towel to remove drool from your dog’s fur and furniture.


Although the Caucasian shepherd is intelligent, he can also be stubborn and strong-willed in training. When the dog is smaller, socialize and train it as soon as possible.

Positive training methods are always preferred. Be consistent with your commands, so your dog doesn’t learn to do bad things.

Dog owners unfamiliar with the breed may benefit from professional behaviorists and trainers to help them socialize their dog and reduce the breed’s protective instincts, which can lead to aggression if they don’t take action.

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Common Health Problems

The Caucasian shepherd is generally healthy, but it can be susceptible to specific hereditary health issues.

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Nutrition and Diet

Make sure your dog has plenty of water. A balanced, high-quality diet for your dog is essential. A diet designed for large breeds is ideal. It’s common to feed two meals per day.

Your vet should discuss the amount and type of food you are giving your pet. To avoid overeating, you should also monitor treats and any other food.

Best Dog Food for Shepherds

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Where to Adopt or Buy a Caucasian Shepherd

Although rare, you can find Caucasian shepherds in North America. It’s worth looking into local rescue and animal shelters to see if there is a dog that needs a home.

These organizations will allow you to be added to a waiting list for breeds. A puppy purchased from a reputable breeder will cost you between $1,000 and $3,000.However, this price can vary greatly.

Check out this link for more information on how to connect with a Caucasian shepherd.

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Caucasian Shepherd Overview

  • Loyal to your family
  • Problem barker is usually not a problem
  • Excellent guard dog
  • If not properly trained, they can become aggressive
  • Space is important
  • Drooler and high shedder

15 Dogs That Look Like German Shepherds

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Additional Research and Breeds

Do your research before you bring home a Caucasian Shepherd. Talk to breed owners, rescue groups, and vets.

You might be interested in similar breeds.

There are many potential breeds available. With a bit of research, you can find the best one for your home.

King Shepherd: Dog Breed Profile

German Shepherd: Dog Breed Profile

Australian Shepherd Breed Profile


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Are Caucasian shepherds good family dogs?

Caucasian shepherds can be suited for homes with older children if they have been socialized and trained correctly. They are usually very reliable to their families. Their size and aggression potential are not the best for young children.

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Are Caucasian shepherds aggressive?

Caucasian shepherds are known for their protective nature, which can sometimes turn to aggression when they sense danger. Although socialization and training are essential for this breed, it can still be difficult to curb their protective instincts.

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Are Caucasian shepherds rare?

Caucasian shepherds, particularly in North America, are pretty rare. Depending on where you live, you can wait a while to find one at a rescue group or breeder.

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Are caucasian shepherds dangerous?

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog may become aggressive and protective if it feels threatened. This is especially true of strangers, pets unfamiliar, and children. This dog can be unpredictable and should not be left unattended with children.

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How much are caucasian shepherds?

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Prices – They Don’t Come Cheap

A pedigree Ovcharka puppy costs between $2,000 and $3,000. From $1,000 to $3,000 From a breeder

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Do caucasian shepherds shed?

Their bodies often have white markings, and a “mask darkens their faces.” The thick coat should be brushed twice weekly to remove dead or loose hairs. Caucasian Shepherd Dogs shed a lot once a year. This can be helped by extra brushing and bathing.

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